What is crohn’s disease?
Crohn’s disease occurs when your gastrointestinal (GI) tract get inflammation and damage due to some issues. Chronic inflammation and erosion of the intestines or bowel cause in this disease. It may affect the different parts of GI tract which starts from mouth and ends at anus. They may also show some of the same symptoms of other diseases. But before doing anything make an appointment with doctor to not making any wrong decision.
Researchers have searched on it but still they are unknown to know the reason of this disease. They think that it may be due to the disturbance in the work of immune system reacting to food and bacteria in the intestines or bowel lining. It may cause uncontrolled inflammation associated with crohn’s disease. Treatments are always depending on the symptoms and severity of the diseases. They also depend on the stages of diseases where they stand at the early stage or on which stage.
There are following five types of crohn’s disease which differ from each other because of their symptoms and specific regions of the digestive tract. Sometimes people may get more than 1 disease at the same time. So it can happen that at the same time your gastrointestinal tract can get affected on the two or three parts of it.
- Gastro duodenal Crohn’s disease
- Crohn’s colitis
This type of disease is common in many people. When a person gets it, he can suffer inflammation and irritation in the lower part of the small intestine known ileum and in colon. The symptoms of this disease may be as given below:
- Significant weight loss
- You may feel pain or cramping in the lower or middle region of your abdomen.
Like ileocolitis, this disease also causes inflammation and irritation of the ileum. The symptoms of this disease are also same like upper one. In addition, it may also develop fistulas (inflammatory abscesses) in abdomen (left-right section).
Gastro duodenal Crohn’s disease:
In this type of disease person get intestinal inflammation. This disease affects the stomach and the first part of small intestine duodenum. If a person is suffering from it so he will experience lack of appetite, weight loss and nausea. Vomit is also a symptom of this disease when the small part of bowel becomes blocked.
This disease occurs in the second part of small intestine jejunum. In it jejunum show inflammation in its area. The symptoms of this disease may show:
- Cramps after meal
- Abdominal discomfort
Crohn’s (Granulomatous) Colitis:
In this type of disease, the main part of intestine colon gets affected. Ulcers, abscesses and fistulas form around the anus. Its symptoms are following
- You can feel pain in joints.
- Skin lesions
- Rectal bleeding
How can you manage Crohn’s disease?
Basically there is no confirmed symptoms are there. People usually don’t experience the symptoms all the time. They may experience the symptoms when they feel pain where the disease is active. Then it causes severe pain and symptoms mixed with time when there are no symptoms. It may also known as remission. As depending on symptoms there are also many strategies to manage these as well.
Some of the managing strategies of Crohn’s diseases are as given.
When any type of Crohn’s disease occurs so you should take a complete treatment by a doctor. According to the symptoms of your disease doctor can give you some medication treatment to stop inflammation. They‘ll also recommend you some nutrients filled foods which can fulfill the deficiencies of the nutrients. Many doctors start treatment by prescribing medications with some supplements if you have the deficiency. Those medicines are following:
- Antidiarrheal drugs
- Immune suppressants
Sometimes medicines are not showing good results so doctors normally recommend surgery in that cases. You may need surgery to remove the damaged part of bowel. Crohn’s disease may develop complications in many forms such as fistulas, abscesses, intestinal obstruction and hemorrhages as well. Surgery is not a cure for any disease but it helps to remove the problem causing part. After surgery people stay in remission and symptom free for several years at a time.
Your lifestyle may also affect your health. In a healthy lifestyle you may get numbers of diseases but if your lifestyle is not effective so you may get more chances of getting any disease. Crohn’s disease is also affected by lifestyle. If your disease is in the period of remission, it’s very important to know how to manage it. How can you control the factors which may cause severity? By gaining the knowledge of your disease and its preventions helps you to avoid severe flare-ups. It can also prevent to damage your digestive tract as well.
- Healthy lifestyle should be maintained.
- Make sure you are taking a balanced diet.
- Use of some supplements according to your need will also be very helpful.
- Don’t use drinks.
- Don’t smoke or take drugs.
- When Crohn’s disease is active stage try to avoid spicy foods.
- Spicy foods and high fiber foods should use in less amount as they are also flare-up triggers.
It’s not easy to live in pain. Crohn’s disease can cause pain and discomfort in your life. You can’t afford it all the time. You may become dull and lazy during these diseases. But you can make impossible to possible by living as an active person. Whether you are suffering from disease but try to lead a happy and healthy life. Even you are listening to your doctor how to manage your disease you can also join the support centre. Educational groups may also help to better understand how to manage your condition. It’s not easy but you can try to feel you happy.