Psoriasis is a disease which causes an autoimmune condition. In this disease skin cells start buildup rapidly and produce in large number. They grow deep in the skin and after sometime develop on the skin surface. Its life cycle is about one month. Sometimes they show production process within few days and appear on the skin surface but it causes problem as skin cells don’t have time to fall off as quickly. There overproduction causes scaling on the skin. Skin shows inflammation and redness. These psoriasis scales also causes whitish-silver and red patches. These patches will change into crack and bleed.
Psoriasis scales are mostly show their production at some areas of body such as they are most common on joints, elbows and knees. They can also develop on some other areas such as hands, feet, neck, scalp and face. It is also observed that they are less commonly affected on nails, mouth and area around the genitals.
According to a study, about 7.4 million people of America are found with this disease. It’s also associated with some other conditions which may include:
- Type 2 diabetes
- Inflammatory bowel disease
- Heart disease
- Psoriatic arthritis
Different types of psoriasis:
Psoriasis has types that vary in different ages. Psoriasis is divided into five different types depending on the areas on which they develop and also on severity. There five types are given here:
- Plaque psoriasis
- Guttate psoriasis
- Pustular psoriasis
- Inverse psoriasis
- Erythrodermic psoriasis
- Plaque psoriasis:
This is the most common type of psoriasis. It causes redness and inflammation or patches on the areas of skin such as elbows, knees and scalp. These types of patches are mostly covered with whitish-silver scale or plaques. About 80 percent people with this condition have plaque psoriasis that is estimated by the American Academy of Dermatology (AAD).
- Guttate psoriasis:
Guttate psoriasis is found in childhood. In this type they show small pink spots on the skin. The torso, arms and legs are the areas where they are found commonly. These spots are also look like plaque psoriasis but sometimes they are thick.
- Pustular psoriasis:
Pustular psoriasis is a common type of psoriasis they develops in adults. They develop on hands, feet and some other areas of body. They look like redness, inflamed skin, whit and pus filled blisters. It is also widespread condition.
- Inverse psoriasis:
It shows redness, shiny or inflamed skin on bright areas of skin surface. Inverse psoriasis is commonly found in the areas of armpits or breasts, in the groin, or skin folds in the genital area.
- Erythrodermic psoriasis:
Erythrodermic psoriasis is also observed as more severe and rare type of psoriasis. This type is considered as more severe because it develops at once on a large surface area of body. The skin looks like sunburned and scales on the skin may often slough off in a very large area of skin. Fever or illness is common with this type of psoriasis. It also leads life-threatening conditions, so people with this condition should immediate checkup.
Symptoms of psoriasis:
Psoriasis symptoms differ from person to person on the basis of severity and the patches or the areas where they develop. Everyone has not experience with same symptoms of this condition. Some people may experience with all given conditions and some may have totally different symptoms other than these. Symptoms of it also depend on the disease causing triggers. It is easy to observe the symptoms of this disease depending on the area of psoriasis. Here are some common symptoms which may observe in psoriasis conditions. They may include:
- Redness, raised, inflammation, patches on the skin.
- Whitish-silver scales or plaques on the red patches
- If a person has dry skin so cark or bleed will show psoriasis
- It may also show soreness around patches
- Itching and burning on the developing areas or on patches
- Thick, pitted nails
- Painful and swollen joints are also symptoms of this condition.
Psoriasis has a complete life cycle of it which helps to indicate the symptoms also. Sometimes people may have severe symptoms but in some people here sever symptoms may cause for a few days or weeks, at that time symptoms may unnoticeable and clear up easily. In some people with this condition may have disappearance of it at the early stage. Sometimes there are no active signs of it and you may have remission of it. It doesn’t mean it cannot come back again as it can come back anytime when you have in touch with the triggers of conditions.
Is psoriasis a contagious disease?
The people may consider psoriasis as a contagious disease which can pass from one person to other person by making contact. But it’s wrong, it’s not a contagious disease and it cannot pass by touching any psoriasis lesions.
Diagnose of the right disease is very important. If you visit a doctor so doctor will tell you about two necessary tests or examinations.
- Physical examination:
Physical examination is easy and common way to diagnose any disease by asking or observing the physical factors. It will also help to distinguish this type from other conditions. While examine by a doctor, you should tell about all the problems which you are suffering and also the areas where you have. Then doctor will let you about the right treatment and precautions.
Biopsy is the best way to diagnose the disease if your doctor is unable to confirm your condition. In this doctor will take a small skin sample to test or examine the disease. This way is known as biopsy. Biopsy may do when you have appointment with doctor or it may do in doctor’s office or in a lab. If your doctor takes a sample then doctor will send this sample to lab to diagnose the disease.
After the results doctor will call you for an appointment and to discuss your disease and the treatment as well.