Symptoms, treatment, complications and preventions of Nicotine withdrawal.
Nicotine is a highly addictive drug such as other drugs alcohol, cocaine and morphine. This is associated with tobacco that makes smoking addiction. Tobacco also contains about 70 carcinogens. These have harmful chemicals that cause serious diseases for example lung cancer, heart disease and stroke. In order to prevent from these diseases every year millions of smokers quit them. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 68 % smokers completely want to quit. Nicotine withdrawal is not easy it makes to quit more difficult.
They have many effects on health. Some of the effects are given.
- Effects on the brain
- It helps to reduce depression.
- It also disturbs appetite and reduces it.
- It may cause boost mood.
- Production of a sense of well-being also caused by it.
- It also reducing irritability.
- It results in short-term memory and enhances concentration.
Symptoms of nicotine withdrawal:
Symptoms of nicotine withdrawal also vary. Withdrawal of nicotine also depends on the level of addiction and most probably on the last use of tobacco. The severity of it will depend on the use of tobacco daily basis and also on how much amount you are consuming on daily basis. The symptoms of severity also vary according to the severe conditions.
For smokers nicotine withdrawal have some of these symptoms.
- They feel intense craving for nicotine.
- Tingling in the hands and feet are more common severe conditions.
- The amount of sweating also get increase with the more use of it.
- Nausea and abdominal cramps are also symptoms of it.
- Headaches, coughing and sore throat can also be caused by them.
- Insomnia, difficulty in concentration, anxiety, irritability and depression also severe conditions of nicotine withdrawal.
- Abdominal issues as constipation and gas may also symptoms of it.
- Most probably weight gain is also observed.
People (who use chewing tobacco) with withdrawal of tobacco have almost same symptoms. Typically the symptoms of it peak within two to three days. The symptoms may include:
- Trouble sleeping
- Depressed mood
- Slower heart rate
- Increased hunger or weight gain
- Difficulty concentration
- Slower heart rate
- Feeling restless ad jumpy
The more use of nicotine develop craving of it. Craving caused by nicotine receptors in the brain. In response to your last nicotine use these receptors increase the response to get more nicotine and you want more smoking to fulfill your need of nicotine. But if you ignore these receptors so you show the symptom of withdrawal nicotine. When you start to ignore it, you prepare yourself to withdrawal with it. It results in the disappearance of the symptoms of craving. These symptoms can go away within two to four weeks and you lead a healthy life. Many addicted people may suffer withdrawal experience for several months.
Treatments for nicotine withdrawal:
When any person want to withdrawal with the addiction or quit the smoking or tobacco, he / she should visit doctor and explain about current condition. By diagnosing the current situation doctor will recommend you the best ways to withdrawal with these. They will also guide you about support group and prescription medications. There are some other treatments available for the withdrawal for nicotine. They are following.
- Over-the-counter (OTC) nicotine replacement medications:
It includes nicotine gums and skin patches.
- Prescription nicotine replacement methods:
It includes nasal sprays and inhalers.
These treatments help to decrease the amount of nicotine in your body. Non-nicotine prescription medications such as Bupropion (Zyban) or Varenicline (chantix) are also included in treatments. Basically there is no cure for this but only treatments help to reduce the symptoms. Nicotine replacement therapy (NRT) is also very helpful treatment. It was declared that NRT is also caused high blood pressure. According to a study in 2016, it’s observed that NRT do not cause increase in the blood pressure.
Pros and cons of NRT:
There are many of the NRT products side effects. These include
- Trouble sleeping
When people use nicotine and smoking at the same time they suffer with many of the side effects. Other than these side effects, people also experienced with heart attacks. They all are not the reasons of causing increase in blood pressure but if you have increase in blood pressure so talk to your doctor. Then your doctor will tell you that you are taking right dose or not.
Complications associated with nicotine withdrawal:
These drugs are not life-threatening conditions but cause many of the complications which may disturb you physically and mentally. Some of the complications are given below.
- Increased appetite and weight gain:
This is a positive side effect when any person stops drugs and come back in healthy condition so they get taste back. Their taste buds and sense of smell return and they become normal. They may feel craving for food than before they began smoke. People eat more and they may choose more fat and sugar groups in their food. More excess in food causes weight gain. If you more frequently gaining weight so you should talk to your doctor. Doctor will help you to choose best food groups in good amount.
- Mental health changes:
Mental health issues are also side effects of nicotine withdrawal. If any person is already have had experienced with depression so he / she may relapse with it again. This type of condition can also result when you already have had bipolar disorder or some other disorder.
As depression also associated with nicotine withdrawal, it also has treatable conditions but if depression left untreated so it will cause life-threatening conditions. With depression you should talk to your doctor to give you better advice.
Can nicotine withdrawal be prevented?
Nicotine withdrawal also has some prevented steps. As there is no cure but by following some of steps we can also help to nicotine withdrawal easily. Some ways are given.
- Try to drink plenty of water.
- Chew sugar-free gum or suck on sugar-free candy.
- Do regular exercise by practice deep breathing and take bath daily.
- One to two hours before sleeping time, turn off all electronic devices.
- Take warm milk or a glass of herbal tea.
- Take time for yourself.