Menopause occurs when a woman gets older. It mostly occurs between the ages of 45 and 55 but it can also develop before or after this age. There symptoms start when a woman does not has menstruated period in 12 consecutive months. After this condition she does not become pregnant naturally. She may also show some of the uncomfortable symptoms such as hot flashes and weight gain. The symptoms of it may start developing from the last period it might be about four years before and continue for about four years after. But there are no treatments available for this as this is a natural process.
It is estimated that about 1 in 10 women experience these symptoms for 12 years from their last period. The median age estimated in women of getting these signs is about age 51 years but Africa-American and Latina women may get these some years early. More study is required to know more about non-Caucasian women. There are many factors that affect the range of age for menopause such as your genetics and ovary health also affect on them.
This is a stage that occurs before menopause condition. During this time period, hormones start to show changing in the preparation for menopause. This stage can last from few months to several years. This is observed that perimenopause begin in some women after their mid-40s. Some of the women may do not go through from this stage and suddenly enter in this age.
According to the studies, about 1 percent of women start their menopause period before age 40 this type of condition is called premature menopause or primary ovarian insufficiency. However, some of them about 5 percent of women begin menopause stage between the age of 40 and 45 and it is known as early menopause.
Perimenopause vs. menopause vs. post menopause:
Perimenopause is the first stages which may many women go through. In this stage, menstrual period becomes irregular. Late periods or completely skip of one or more menstrual periods is also included in this stage. The flow of periods also become lighter and heavier.
Menopause is a stage in which women lack menstrual periods for one full year.
Post menopause, it is the indication of lack of periods for many years after menopause has occurred.
Symptoms of menopause:
Symptoms of menopause become more severe when they occur suddenly and over a shorter period. Every woman has unique experience for menopause. The symptoms and occurrences have different conditions as they depend on health of ovary, like cancer or hysterectomy, or certain lifestyle choices as if you are a smoker so the chances of severity increases. The symptoms of perimenopause, menopause and post menopause are generally same. Some are here most common early signs of perimenopause:
- The duration of less frequent menstruation.
- The change of period flow it may become lighter and heavier than your normal menstrual period.
- They may also experience with vasomotor symptoms such as hot flashes, night sweating and flushing.
According to the estimation, 75 percent of women experience with hot flashes during the menopause stage. Some of the common symptoms of menopause are given here:
- Women with this stage have insomnia, anxiety, more depression and difficult concentrating.
- Some other symptoms such as weight loss, memory problems and increase in urination are observed in them.
- They also experience with sore or tender breasts, headache, painful or stiff joints, and reduced bone mass and less full breasts.
- Hair thickening or loss also considered the symptoms of this stage.
- It may also result in increased hair growth on some other areas of body such as on face, neck, chest, and upper back area.
- Reduce muscle mass, vaginal dryness, urinary tract infection, reduce libido or sex drive are also more observed symptoms.
- Other than all these symptoms the racing heart also severe symptom of this condition.
During menopause stage, women can also face many of other complications other than severe symptoms. The complications are following.
- Vulvovaginal atrophy
- Slower metabolic function
- Dyspareunia or painful intercourse
- Osteoporosis, or weaker bone with reduced mass and strength
- Periodontal disease
- Heart or blood vessel disease
- Change mood or sudden emotional changes
Why does menopause occur?
Menopause stage usually occurs when ovaries age and production of reproductive hormones get decrease. As it is a natural process, the body begins to undergo several changes in response and also lower levels of
- Follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH)
- Luteinizing hormone (LH)
During this stage, the most common and notable changes occur in the ovarian follicles. Ovarian follicles lose their activeness. These are the basic structure that produce and release eggs from the ovary wall. After release of eggs, they also allow to start menstruation and fertility.
In some of the severe cases it’s observed that menopause causes injury or surgical removal of the ovaries and related pelvic structures. The most common causes of menopause induced are given:
- It results in bilateral oophorectomy, or surgical removal of the ovaries.
- Pelvic radiation is also experienced by women.
- This stage may also induce in the ovarian ablation or the shutdown of ovary function. This may be done by the hormone therapy, surgery, or radiotherapy techniques in women with estrogen receptor-positive tumors.
- The severe condition is also included pelvic injuries that severely damage or destroy the ovaries.
How to reduce the symptoms of it by home remedies and changing lifestyle?
We can follow some of the ways that help to reduce the symptoms of menopause by using home remedies, changing lifestyle and alternative treatments. Some of the managing tips or ways are here which can minor the symptoms of menopause.
- By keeping cool and staying comfortable
- Regular exercising and managing your weight
- Communicating your needs
- Healthy diet
- Use of supplementary diet
- Practicing relaxation techniques
- Taking care of your skin and health
- Managing sleeping issues
- Stop the use of alcohol and smoking