Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis (IPF)
Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis (IPF) is a lungs disease which is not familiar to many of the people and even they don’t know the relation of this disease with organs and causes as well. It is a disease in which lungs tissues become stiff and makes difficulty in breathing. When you feel such type of symptoms so make an appointment to your healthcare provider and discuss your current situation. Each IPF shows different symptoms in people. If it leave untreated it gives progress to other lungs problems.
In Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis (IPF), idiopathic is a word with meaning of “unknown”, as this disease is unfamiliar to people so it given by a name of Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis (IPF).
What causes Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis (IPF)?
Most of the time doctors are not able to identify the exact cause of pulmonary fibrosis. But sometimes it can cause as the result of medications, infections, environmental exposures and some other diseases. In a very small percentage it is observed that people with these diseases also have a family member with this disease also.
To diagnose this disease doctor may ask you about the link with recent diseases and doctor may also see some of these potential causes.
- Radiation therapy
- Pollution and toxins
- Genetic factors
- Existing conditions
If all these factors do not help the doctors so they will give a label of idiopathic to this disease, which means the causes of this disease are unknown.
Symptoms of Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis (IPF):
Scarring and stiffness in the lungs causes by Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis (IPF). With the passage of time, the scarring will change in worsen and stiffness will make breathing harder. In this disease your lungs may not be able to take more amount of oxygen that is required to meet the need of body. With this problem this disease ultimately lead to many other health issues such as respiratory failure, heart failure etc.
There are some of the common symptoms that are observed in several cases of Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis (IPF).
- Chronic cough
- Shortness of breath
- Weight loss
- Chest discomfort
Different stages of Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis (IPF):
Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis (IPF) is not having as much formal stages. But it gets progress when it does not treated well. When you visit a doctor in your first diagnose, you may do not need more oxygen assistance. But after some time you will feel that you need oxygen for carry your activities such as gardening, walking or cleaning. During the activities you will have hard time for taking proper and easy breath. As the scarring in the lungs become worse so people need it continually at all time even during sleeping, at rest or at active form.
In the last stage of IPF, the level of oxygen becomes more decrease for high flow oxygen level they required oxygen machines with them every time at home. If they are not at home so they should keep portable machines to keep oxygen level high.
Diagnose of Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis (IPF):
Doctor can diagnose it with the signs and symptoms of it. But the problem is this that this disease shows its symptoms very slowly so it’s a difficult time for doctor to diagnose it at early stage. The scarring of lungs also identifies some other lungs issues. In the early stage the IPF and lung diseases look same but there are several tests that can help to confirm IPF. In United States about 30,000 to 40,000 people diagnose with IPF every year.
To diagnose IPF these tests can recommended.
Lung function test
High-resolution computer tomography (HRCT) scan
Arterial blood glass test
As many other disease there is also no cure for IPF, but there are some treatment options available to reduce the symptoms and to make a person feels better. The treatment is basically given for reduce inflammation of lungs, to protect lung tissues and to make lungs healthier to perform its function. Treatment will help people to take breath easily. Oxygen therapy is also available to help people with breathing. In severe lung issues lung transplant may also be needed.
Prognosis with Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis (IPF):
Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis (IPF) is a disease which gets progress over time if it is not treating. As the scarring of lungs and lung damage can not be entirely remove but we can manage it by taking some steps. The progression of this disease is different in different people as some people get progress more quickly. When you feel that the lungs do not perform functions actively and it becomes limited and indicates triggers of severity. They lead some of the complications that are included.
- Pulmonary hypertension
- Heart failure
- Pulmonary embolism that is blood clot in the lungs
- Hardened lung tissue may lead to respiratory failure, heart failure and some other life-threatening condition.
What is the life expectancy with Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis (IPF)?
Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis (IPF) generally affects people during the ages of 50 and 70. It mostly affects people in later life, the average life expectancy after diagnose is about 3 to 5 years. The life expectancy with Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis (IPF) may depend on some of the factors that are following:
- Your age
- Your overall health
- How quickly the disease progresses
- The intensity of symptoms
As explained before, there is no cure of Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis (IPF) but researchers are working to discover the life saving trails to save people from severity.
Lifestyle changes to manage Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis (IPF):
We can manage IPF by following some of the given factors.
- If you are currently smoking, so stop it.
- By maintaining healthy weight and by losing extra weight.
- By staying on top of all vaccines, medications, vitamins or supplements.
- Using an oxygen monitor to keep your oxygen level high.