Hypertension readings, treatments and medications
Hypertension is a high blood pressure. High blood pressure causes to lead many of the serious health issues even heart attacks. Hypertension can be caused because of the narrower of blood vessels and arteries.Hypertension readings, treatments and medications There are many of the other factors causing hypertension such as unhealthy lifestyle or stress. Treatments of it are also available to reduce the level of blood pressure.
How to understand high blood pressure readings?
Blood pressure reading is divided into two numbers. These two numbers help to read the exact level of blood pressure. These two numbers are following.
- Systolic pressure:
Systolic pressure is the first or top number. Basically it indicates the pressure of blood in your arteries. It can feel when your heart beats and pumps blood.
- Diastolic pressure:
This one is known as second or bottom number of blood pressure. This pressure is the reading of the blood pressure in your arteries between beats of your heart.
There are five categories which define blood pressure readings for adults.
The person with healthy blood pressure reading is less than 120/80 millimeters of mercury (mmHg).
Basically the readings of systolic and diastolic are different as they vary their numbers. The systolic number is between 123 and 129 mmHg. The diastolic number is less than 80 mm Hg. Doctors firstly encourage every person to follow a healthy lifestyle to make them healthy. Usually doctors do not treat elevated any blood pressure type with medication.
- Stage 1 hypertension:
In the stage 1 hypertension, the systolic number is noted between 130/139 mm Hg. The diastolic number is between 80 and 89 mm Hg.
- Stage 2 hypertension:
In stage 2 hypertension, the systolic number is between 130 and 139 mm Hg or the diastolic number is 90 mm Hg or higher.
- Hypertensive crisis:
This is a severe type of hypertension. The systolic number is over 180 mm Hg or the diastolic number is over 120 mm Hg. Such type of hypertension needs immediate medical treatment. People with this hypertension type have symptoms of chest pain, headache, and shortness of breath or visual changes. With these symptoms people are needed emergency room Hypertension readings.
Blood pressure reading gives you accurate reading of blood pressure that can be measured accurately by using cuff. The cuff should be proper fitted because an ill-fitting cuff it will not give accurate reading.
Blood pressure readings are different for children and teenagers. But it’s better to check up your child blood range also.
Treatments are also available here. But both of the types of hypertension primary and secondary hypertensions have different treatments. There are numbers of factors are to diagnose and to determine the best treatment options. The causes and treatments for both types are here.
- Primary hypertension treatment options:
Firstly doctors diagnose your condition by asking the symptoms and lifestyle. In healthy lifestyle people get less chances of getting health issue. But with unhealthy or stressed full lifestyle you will get more chances of getting high blood pressure. Although lifestyle affects but only change in lifestyle is not enough. Medication treatments may also recommend reducing hypertension.
- Secondary hypertension treatment options:
A person discovers with underlying issues causing hypertension, doctor will check the medication treatments. If giving medication treatments are causing disturbance in your body so doctor will change the medicine. The given medicines will be replaced due to their side effects.
Doctor may work with you to develop lifestyle changes and medications to help you to reduce blood pressure level. Treatments may change with the passage of time, as if any medicine working well in start but it does not working with same competence so doctor will change it.
Medications for high blood pressure:
As we know, people may go through with an error phase with medications. So you need to change your medicines that work for you. The medication treatments used to treat hypertension they include.
Beta-blockers are the medicines which make your heart beat slower with less force. This medication treatment will help to reduce the blood pressure level through your arteries with each beat. It causes lower blood pressure. It also helps to block the hormones which cause increase in the level of blood pressure.
Diuretics are basically water pills. These water pills are used when sodium level and fluid increases their amount in your body and cause increase in blood pressure. These pills help kidneys to remove excess amount of sodium from the body. Then excess amount of sodium removes from body through urine, it causes to normal the level of blood pressure.
- ACE inhibitors:
ACE is angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors. Angiotensin is a chemical that makes blood vessels and artery walls tighten and narrow. ACE helps to prevent body to producing chemicals, which also help the blood vessels and arteries to relax and make the blood pressure level normal.
- Angiotensin II receptor blockers (ARBs):
As ACE inhibitors inhibit the production of chemicals while ARBs block the angiotensin from binding them with receptors. Blood vessels will not be tightening without the chemical. They should be relaxed then the blood pressure will remain lower.
- Calcium channel blockers:
This medication is use to block some of the calcium molecules from entering in the cardiac muscles of your heart. When your heart muscles feel healthy they can pump blood actively. This causes to less force to pump blood and heartbeats which causes a lower level of blood pressure.Hypertension readings These types of medications are also recommended by doctor to work in the blood vessels and causing them relax. When the blood vessels get relax they also help to maintain the lower blood pressure.
All the medications treatments varied according to their effectiveness. Alpha-2 agonists are medicines that are used to make changes in nerve impulses that causes tighten them. This also leads to relax the blood vessels and reduce the blood pressure.