Medication treatments and preventions for HIV
HIV Treatments Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) is a serious disease which has no cure. The HIV virus replicate itself in the body and causes severe issues. Some of the treatments of HIV are available to reduce the risks of HIV. The contraction of HIV damages your immune system and makes it weaker to fight off diseases. These viruses destroy CD4 cells. HIV has three stages. The most severe one is third stage that causes AIDS. Some of the medication treatments for HIV are available in the form of medication therapy.
Medication treatment for HIV:
Treatments of HIV are available but as soon as a person diagnoses with HIV they should start immediate treatment. Treatments can give in the form of medications and therapies. Antiretroviral therapy medications are most commonly used for HIV patients. More than 25 antiretroviral therapies are introduced to them. They help to stop the reproduction of virus which destroying CD4 cells. CD4 cells help the immune system to fight infections. This therapy also control or reduce the risks of developing complications related to this disease and also stop to transmit these viruses to other people.
Classes of antiretroviral drugs for HIV:
Antiretroviral medications are categorized into six classes.
- Nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors (NRTIs)
- Non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors (NNRTIs)
- Protease inhibitors
- Fusion inhibitors
- CCR5 antagonists, this is also known as entry inhibitor
- Integrase strand transfer inhibitors
The U.S. Departments of Health and Human Services (HHS) searched medication treatments for HIV. Generally this department recommends at least two of these drug classes as a starting regimen of three HIV medications. The combination of these drugs helps to prevent virus from causing resistance to medications. Such as many of other antiretroviral medications are also used by combining these classes in pairs so the HIV patient typically takes only one or two pills a day.
The selection of the combination of medications will recommend by your consultant. It will base on your current condition. The selection of regimen always based on your health and personal circumstances. It’s important to take the recommended medications everyday on the time according to given instructions. If you are not taken this accordingly so viral resistance may develop and a new regimen treatment will be recommended.
Regular checkup will also recommend by doctor to see how affectively medications are working. Blood testing will help a doctor to determine the changing after taking regimen. In any case regimen is not working so doctor will change your regimen that will help to reduce the viral load and CD4 count up.
Side effects of medications and costs:
There are some of the side effects of antiretroviral medications as well. There side effects also vary and may cause nausea, headache and dizziness. These symptoms may patient feel temporary and disappear after some time. These symptoms are casual but some of the serious symptoms are also here. Swelling of mouth and tongue and liver and kidney damage are serious symptoms of it. If the symptoms become severe so medications will be changed and adjusted again.
As medications of antiretroviral therapy vary according to symptoms, costs for antiretroviral therapy also varied. They also depend on geographical location and type of insurance coverage. Some of the pharmaceutical companies have assistance program to help to lower the costs.
Researchers are working to find any vaccine for HIV but still there is no vaccine of it to prevent the transmission of HIV. But there are some steps to prevent from spreading of HIV.
Sex is the most common or easiest way through which HIV can spread from one person to another. Safer sex can prevent from getting viruses of HIV. The best way is the use of condom. Whenever you have a anal or vaginal sex use condom, this will help to cause less risks for HIV. It’s better to avoid sex entirely but the HIV risks can be lowered by taking some precautions. A person with HIV should be more concerned about their risks of HIV. Some of the precautions are.
- Get tested for HIV:
Before having sex with anyone it’s important to get test for HIV to learn your status and your partner’s as well.
- Get tested for other sexually transmitted infections (STIs):
If the test for HIV is positive, so they should get treated because having an STI increases the risks of contracting HIV.
- Use condom:
Condom is a better way to avoid contracting HIV. Every time use condom when they have sex whether sex is through vaginal or anal but it’s important to learn how to use condom. Always keep in your mind that pre-seminal fluids can also have HIV. Pre-seminal fluid is that which come out before the male ejaculation.
- Limit their sexual partners:
To avoid the contracting with HIV is to limit your sexual partners. There should be only one sexual partner with whom they can have sexual relationship.
- Take the medications:
If the sexual partner is having HIV so the medications help to lower risks of transmitting HIV viruses.
- Other prevention methods:
There are also some other preventions to avoid the HIV.
- Avoid sharing needles or other personal items:
Other than sex there are also ways that can transmit HIV. Through blood and personal used items can also transmit the viruses of HIV.
- Consider PEP:
A person with HIV virus should contact their consultant or healthcare provider. To obtain Post-exposure prophylaxis (PEP) they will give you better advices. PEP help to lower the risks of contracting HIV. After exposure this should be started as soon as possible. It is basically the combination of three antiretroviral medications given for 28 days.
- Consider PrEP:
Pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) is the combination of two antiretroviral medications in pill form. It is given when a person is on high risks of HIV. These pills will help to lower the risk of HIV. Your healthcare provider may also give you more information about avoiding to contract with HIV or to reduce it.