HIV in men
HIV is a virus which causes serious disease in humans.Human infection virus (HIV) damages your immune system that fights off the disease causing agents. It especially effects on your CD4 cells these cells protect you from illness.
HIV can cause in any age. The symptoms of it vary from person to person. There is no cure of this disease. The treatments available for HIV patient is also varied due to symptoms. Not all people with this disease suffer with same symptoms. Unlike two persons can also not show the same symptoms of it. Most common pattern of this disease may here in this form.
- Acute illness
- Asymptomatic period
- Advanced infection
- Acute illness:
Approximately 80 percent people with HIV disease have flu-like symptoms for two to four weeks. This type of symptom is known as acute HIV infection. Most probably it’s considered as primary stage of HIV disease. It last until antibodies created in body to kill them. With this stage, people mostly suffer with some of these symptoms:
- Sore throat
- Body rash
- Severe headaches
There are less common symptoms of this stage found in people. These symptoms may last for one to two weeks. These symptoms indicate the contracted HIV. Be careful and get treated with a proper scheduling an appointment with a doctor if you are suffering with such type of symptoms.
- Ulcers in mouth or on the genital
- Muscle pain
- Joint pain
- Night sweats
- Nausea and vomiting
Are symptoms specific in men?
Mostly all of the diseases have same symptoms in men and women. Generally HIV also has same symptoms of it in men and women but there is a unique symptom in men that is ulcer on the penis.
HIV also causes hypogonadism in men which also lead poor production of sex hormones in either sex. This problem is easier to indentify in men than women, as its effected men. Sometimes symptoms of low testosterone are also aspect of hypogonadism that include erectile dysfunction.
As we know, during HIV disease the virus replicates itself it causes weaken our immune system. After the disappearing of symptoms of initial stage, people may not suffer with any additional disease for few months or years. During this asymptomatic period, the people may feel fine or not look sick but the virus is still active in the body. Even the virus can also transmit the virus to others. It is very important to check up by a doctor even you are feeling fine. The testing process helps to know the problems and diagnose them in better way.
Advanced stage is very serious and may lead life-threatening affects. In this stage when HIV gets more progress and causes stage 3 in the form of AIDS. HIV eventually breaks down a person’s immune system and makes a person weaker.
AIDS is the last stage of this disease. It severely damaged immune system. It also makes them more susceptible to opportunistic infections.
These infections are conditions when your body is able to fight off but these can be harmful for the people who have HIV. People who suffered with this stage are noticed with frequent colds, flu and fungal infections. They are also noticed with some of other issues and symptoms such as:
- They may also get chronic fatigue.
- Nausea and vomiting are normal in this type.
- Most of the people have persistent diarrhea.
- People also observed with rapid weight loss.
- Coughing and shortness of breath are commonly found in AIDS patients.
- People also give some symptoms of recurring fever, chills and night sweats.
- Skin problems in the form of rashes, sores, lesions in the mouth or nose, o the genitals or under the skin also appear.
- Your neck, groins and lymph nodes in the armpit also observed with prolonged swelling.
- Neurological disorders may also result in this stage 3. Memory loss and confusion are also causes due to neurological disorders.
How to take action and get tested?
Healthcare providers are always there to give you better advice. Mostly people who are sexually active or may have shared needles should consider to asking from healthcare provider. Healthcare provider gives advice for HIV test if you have the symptoms of HIV test. This test will give you clear view of the disease. The testing mostly recommended for the people who have sex with multiple people and have has sex with that person who has HIV.
The testing of HIV is very simple. For test sample of blood is required. Many of the medical clinics, community health centers and substances misuse programs offer the HIV testing. You can also get tested at home by using OraQuick In-Home HIV Test; you can get this by online order. This is very simple and you are no need to give a blood sample to a lab. Even a oral swab also provides quick results within 20 to 40 minutes.
Outlook for men with HIV:
Basically there is no cure. But getting diagnoses in early stage help to recover it and also slow down the progression of this disease. Progression of disease indicates serious issues. If you get tested or treated earlier then you may get better treatment.
According to 2013 study, people who found with HIV might have a near-normal life expectancy, but if the people start treatment before so their immune system are severely damaged. Additionally according to the study by National Institutes of Health (NIH), found that people get treated in early stages have minimize the chances of transmitting disease in their partners.
According to the recent studies, it has indicated that the adherence to treatment, such as virus becomes undetected in the blood. It also makes impossible to transmit the virus to their partners.
The Prevention Access Campaign, backed by CDC, it has promoted this finding that Undetectable = Untransmittable (U=U) campaign.