High blood pressure (hypertension)
Its symptoms, causes, types and diagnose
High blood pressure or hypertension is the increase of blood pressure. Your blood pressure tells you how much blood is passing through your blood vessels. Other than this it also tells the amount of resistance of blood while it meets the heart and pumping blood. It causes when it increases to unhealthy levels.
There are many of the reasons which cause increase in blood pressure. Most common is the narrow arteries that increase resistance. As your blood passes through your blood vessels, they should have maximum space inside them to pass blood. If the arteries get narrower the blood pressure will increase from its normal level. They also cause health issues and especially heart diseases.
High blood pressure or hypertension is common. According to the recent guidelines, half American adults are diagnosed with hypertension. It typically develops over the course of several years. People may do not notice the symptoms of it and it may also do not show any symptom. Even sometimes people suffer with this condition do not have symptoms. High blood pressure seriously effects on your blood vessels and organs. The serious damages occur on the brain, heart, eyes, and kidney.
It is very important to detect it earlier. The better solution of diagnose and treat it properly, to check blood pressure on regular basis. Doctor may check your blood pressure on daily basis or in few days of a week if you are a patient of hypertension. Treatments are also available there which include both prescribe medication and healthy lifestyle changes. If it is not diagnosed on time so it will cause serious health issues in the form of heart attack and stroke.
Symptoms of hypertension:
Generally hypertension has no specific condition. It attacks silently. Most of the people do not suffer with any disease. It takes a long time to reach at its severe level. These symptoms may also indicate other health issues. People with severe hypertension may have some of these symptoms:
- They feel shortness of breath and headache.
- Sometimes nosebleed is also severe condition of it.
- Flushing and dizziness are most common in hypertension.
- Chest pain may shows alarm of many other serious diseases but also include in the symptom of hypertension.
- The people also diagnosed with visual changes.
- Blood in urine is also severe condition of it.
When a person suffer with any of these symptoms, so immediate medical attention will require. These symptoms of hypertension may not appear every day but waiting for any symptom could be fatal.
Regular check up of blood pressure is the best way to know if you have hypertension. Doctors mostly offer to keep the apparatus at your home to not face any immediate issue. But if you have family history problem such as heart disease or risks factor for getting disease so doctor will recommend you to check your blood pressure twice a year. This will help you and your doctor to be in touch with other factors as well.
Types and causes of hypertension:
Hypertension has two types. They are different from each other. The two types of this are given are:
- Primary hypertension:
Essential hypertension is also indicated as primary hypertension. This type of hypertension does not have any identifiable causes. Most of the people have diagnosed with this type of hypertension.
Researchers are still unknown that what mechanisms are causing slowly increase in blood pressure. They are searching on it, to nominate the mechanism and factor that affecting on blood pressure. Many of the factors may cause it which includes some of these.
- Physical changes:
Changes in your body affect highly your body. High blood pressure also an issue which may causes due to physical changes. As an example, the changes in your kidney function may causes due to aging effect. As your natural balance of salt and fluids get change. This is also causing body’s blood pressure to increase.
Genes also play important role and make many changes in your body. Gene mutation and genetic abnormalities lead serious health and body issues. These genetic abnormalities may inherit from your parents.
Environment is the basic factor which can make you healthy or unhealthy. If your environment is unhealthy it will cause serious health issues. Your physical activities and poor diet are also having serious affects on your body and health. People with overweight or obese have observed with increase level of risks for hypertension.
- Secondary hypertension:
The second type of hypertension is known as secondary hypertension. This type shows symptoms quickly and affect more severely. There are several conditions which causes by secondary hypertension.
- Second type of hypertension is nominated as secondary hypertension. So it severely affects on kidney and cause kidney disease.
- Obstructive sleep apnea and congenital heart defects are most severe problems.
- Secondary hypertension also causes problems with your thyroid.
- This condition can also cause by side effects of medications.
- If a person is using illegal drugs, so they will also cause this type of hypertension.
- Alcohol abuse or chronic use also causes these severe conditions.
- Adrenal glands problems also cause hypertension.
- If a person has endocrine tumors, so hypertension can also happen.
How to diagnose high blood pressure?
High blood pressure can diagnose in a simple way by measuring it. Mostly doctors’ check blood pressure whenever a person visits. If doctor do not receive the reading of blood pressure so ask the doctor to check reading in your next appointment.
A hypertension can diagnose even after just one reading. Your consultant doctor will need to know the evidences of these sustained problems. As your environment contributes highly so the physical factors and stress can cause it easily. Normally your blood pressure levels changes throughout the day.
If you are having same high level of blood pressure so your doctor will recommend you some of the tests to diagnose the cause. Some of the test can include.
- Urine test
- Cholesterol screening with other blood tests
- Ultrasound of your some organs such as heart and kidney
- Electrocardiogram (ECG) will also be recommended.