Fibromyalgia causes, risk factors, diagnose and treatments
Fibromyalgia is a condition that is not easy to understand. It is considered as a long term chronic condition. It causes musculoskeletal pain (pain in muscles and bones), pain in areas of tenderness, general fatigue and cognitive disturbances. Some of the diagnostic tests recommended when you have these symptoms. Exact reason of this condition is unknown. But some of the medications and therapy are available to treat it and reduce its symptoms.
What are the causes of fibromyalgia?
The exact reason of fibromyalgia is not known by the healthcare providers and researchers. Even they are still working on it. According to the latest research, researchers have searched on a multiple-hit theory which involves many other factors such as genetic disposition (hereditary characteristics), infection, trauma and stress. These are the some common triggers that are observed with this condition. There are several potential factors that cause this condition in people.
In past you have the symptoms of illness it could be the trigger of fibromyalgia. Flu, pneumonia, GI tract, such as those caused by Salmonella and Shigella bacteria and the Epstein-Barr virus these all virus can cause serious links of fibromyalgia.
Your genetic history also can cause different diseases which may transfer from the family. Fibromyalgia is also a condition that runs in families. If the condition of fibromyalgia is running in your any family member so you have higher risks for getting this disease.
It is also observed that gene mutation may also play important role in the transfer of this condition.
If people also have severe physical or emotional trauma problems so it may also cause to develop trauma. This is also categories as a link to post traumatic stress disorder (PTSD).
Stress or depression has serious health issues and long-lasting effects on the body. Basically stress causes hormonal changes when you get hormonal changes so you can also get fibromyalgia condition.
Even after these researches healthcare providers are still not sure and understand the causes of chronic widespread nature of fibromyalgia. “The brain lowers the pain threshold” is a theory that can be related with it. Mostly fibromyalgia is not more painful but with the passage of time it becomes more severe and painful. The other theory which is observed is that the nerves overact to pain signals.
What are the risk factors of fibromyalgia?
Fibromyalgia also cause imbalance in brain chemicals which lead disturbance in brain and nervous system. They also cause overreact to normal pain signals. It increases the risks of stress, injury and illness such as flu. There are also some other factors that can increase the risks of getting fibromyalgia. Some of them are given below:
As fibromyalgia diagnosed in women so people think that it is a woman’s disease but it also observed in men. This gender disparity is not cleared yet but to not get treat by a doctor can cause severe problems in men.
The age factor also affects the risks of fibromyalgia. Most commonly middle age people have observed with this condition but children can also get this condition. Over the time it becomes more severe.
- Family history:
If you have family history with fibromyalgia so you may also get chances of getting this disease.
Your previous link with some other diseases can also give you the higher risks of developing fibromyalgia.
If you feel the symptoms of fibromyalgia you should make an appointment with your healthcare provider. Your healthcare provider may diagnose you with this disease if you are suffering with its symptoms for more than 3 months or longer time period. The pain may also be widespread, which means you may feel it on both sides of your body as above and below of your waist.
Your healthcare provider will provide you a better treatment option. But diagnose of fibromyalgia is not possible with any test lab or scanning. It is possible to take some other tests to diagnose the relation of chronic pain. This condition is not easy to diagnose and the symptoms of autoimmune diseases are also overlap with it.
Fibromyalgia is a disease that has no cure but some of the steps or treatments available to reduce their symptoms and improve their lives as well.
- Some of the medications are here to improve the symptoms of this disease.
- Self care strategies are best to reduce any disease easily.
- Your lifestyle changes also help to overcome the symptoms of it.
Treatments help to relieve pain and make you feel better. Some of the physical therapy also helps to improve the quality of life and help you to reduce level of depression. Mental and physical health both are necessary to work in better way. Healthy lifestyle such as exercise and proper diet reduce the chances of this condition. But for all these treatments a support group and guidance is required.
Natural remedies for fibromyalgia:
When you don’t get much relieve with medications so you may find alternative way to reduce pain. Natural remedies are best for lowering stress and pain if it is consulted by consultant. Your consultant may also give you suggestion to use natural remedies with medications that will help to reduce pain. There are some of the natural remedies for fibromyalgia such as
- Physical therapy
- 5-hydroxytrytophan (5-HTP)
- Tai chi
- Balanced and healthy diet
- Massage therapy
Diet recommendations for fibromyalgia:
Balanced and proper diet plan also make changes in your life a lot. By taking healthy food and removing the certain food that cause diet issue can improve the health. But it is not sure that change diet can have any effect on fibromyalgia. Some of the diet strategies can help a person to be healthier.
- Drink plenty of water.
- Eat more plants than meat.
- Regular exercise.
- Eat fruits and vegetables with whole grains, low fat dairy and lean protein.
- Reduce the amount of sugar in your diet plan.
- Work towards achieving and maintaining weight.