What is Crohn’s disease?
According to the Crohn’s & Colitis Foundation (CCF), almost 780,000 Americans have this disease. It is a type of inflammatory bowel disease. Researchers are not sure about the beginning of this disease, what are the symptoms of it and how people get it and how to treat these. Researchers had work a lot and discovered many treatments in last three decades but no cure is available yet.
Gastrointestinal (GI) tract is the basic place where this disease can be found. It mostly occurs in the small intestine and colon as GI tract starts from the mouth and ends at the anus. It can be effect the any part of this tract and can also skip other parts.
Crohn’s disease can show various severities, its range can be mild to debilitating. Their symptoms can be varied and can change over time. This disease can be more severe and lead to life-threatening and complications as well.
Causes of Crohn’s disease:
Researchers are not sure about the exact symptoms of it. There can also be some of the common symptoms which can indicate it. When you get this disease so you may have these factors:
- Your immune system
- Your genes
- Your environment
About the researches, more than 20 % people of Crohn’s disease also have a parent, child, or sibling with the disease. People with this disease can mostly develop by intestinal infections from bacteria, viruses, parasites and fungi etc. Your disease can also change the severity of this by observing the symptoms which causes complications in it. Yeast infections are most common in all these factors as they can affect both on lungs and in the intestinal tracts. They also directly affect the immune system when you get it and should treat well. But they can make infections more badly. According to the survey of 2012 study, you may get severity of many symptoms. These may include:
- Your age
- Whether you smoke
- Whether or not the rectum is involved
- Length of time you’ve had the disease
Crohn’s disease symptoms often develop gradually as the symptoms may also become worse over time as it passes for longer time. It may develop suddenly and dramatically for its rare symptoms. There symptoms are also closely related to the symptoms of other diseases as fever, typhoid, food poisoning, allergies and stomach problems. But you should treat well if you have many issues so you should treat by your doctor and treat it properly. If you get early detection so you will be able to stop the more complications. The earliest symptoms can include some of these symptoms:
- Weight loss
- Loss of appetite
- Blood in your stool
- Abdominal cramps
- Frequent need for bowel movements can also feel
These symptoms can also be more severe as if it will get more progress stages. There severity symptoms may include:
- It can cause pain and drainage in your anus that is called perianal fistula.
- It can show inflammation of skin and also of joints.
- Ulcers can also be occurring in the any part of the GI tract.
- It can also cause serious respiration problems in the form of shortness of breath and also anemia.
It’s not easy to diagnose this disease. There is also not a single test by which doctor can diagnose it. Diagnose also depends on the symptoms as it begins by eliminating any other possible causes of the symptoms. It is basically the process of elimination which may help to diagnose it quickly. Doctor will make different tests to check the severity of it and how can control it.
- Blood test:
Your doctor may recommend you blood test to indicate potential problem, such as anemia and inflammation. It may also help to test the blood of your GI tract to see the severity and to detect the treatment depending on its symptoms.
Endoscopy plays an important role to detect and see the problem very closely as it get a bigger image of the inside of your gastrointestinal tract.
By the recommendations of the doctor you may also make a colonoscopy report to examine the large bowel. They may also have tissue sample or biopsy, taken during the endoscopy and colonoscopy to see closer look of intestinal tract tissues.
- CT scans and MRI scans:
Your doctor can also recommend you CT scans and MRI scans to see the specific organs and tissues clearly which may affect by this disease. Both of these scans give more details than X-ray.
You doctor may recommend you some of these tests at to diagnose it well. They can also say you to test these several times to see how this disease in progressing in the tissues. Then they will recommend you possible precautions and details of your disease and how to treat them.
Treatment for crohn’s disease:
“Preventions are better than cure.” Firstly try to stay away from all those factors which causing diseases but if you get that so there are many some of the treatments available here. Exact any treatment of this disease is not available to treat it well there may be some possibilities to lessen the severity and frequency.
Some of the medication treatments are also available here to treat it. Mostly commonly use medications are Anti-diarrheal and anti-inflammatory drugs. The best way according to biologics is to treat the immune’s system.
Again the choice of medication and combination of medications are depend on your symptoms, history of your disease, severity of your condition and how to treat it.
- Dietary changes:
Food can trigger flares but it does not cause this disease. When you diagnosis this disease so your concerned doctor will suggest you a Dietitian (RD). RD will help you more to understand the symptoms and how your food affects the severity of it. RD will also recommend you the proper diet plan and also test it with the passage of time how it helps to overcome it.
In some of the diseases, treatments and lifestyle changes may not affect more so there surgery becomes necessary. About 75 % people with this disease may require the surgery to remove this disease. Surgery will help to remove the damaged part of GI tract, and then healthy sections help to repair the damaged tissues.