Cocaine effects on Your Heart
Cocaine effects on Your Heart Cocaine is a drug. It causes many effects on our body. It stimulates the central nervous system, which causing a euphoric high. It also causes serve symptoms of heart rate to increase, disrupt heart’s electrical signals and blood pressure.
Cocaine mostly effect on heart and cardiovascular system, which increases the heart-related issues. Australian researchers searched on it and first used the phrase for it “the perfect heart-attack drug”. In their research work they presented this in the American Heart Association’s scientific session in 2012. It was also leading cause of drug abuse to emergency departments (ED) in 2009.Cocaine effects on Your Heart People also complained about chest pain, cardiovascular problems and racing heart in 2014 study.
Cocaine’s effects on heart health:
Cocaine highly affects a human health. It directly effects on heart also and causes adverse effects on it. Some of drugs effect on heart and blood vessels are given here.
- Blood pressure:
Cocaine’s causes many of the heart problems. If you take it in excess amount, so you will experience badly. After the ingestion of cocaine, your heart starts beat faster. Other than faster heartbeat, it also narrow or shrink your blood vessels and capillaries.
When your blood vessels don’t have capability to pass blood easily, it becomes harden to move blood through your body. In results you face the high blood pressure problems. This can also cause because of higher degree of stress, or pressure on your vascular system.
- Hardening of arteries:
As cocaine causes hardening of arteries and capillaries so it leads a serious heart condition, called atherosclerosis. It’s not easily noticeable. The short and long-term damage causes heart diseases which leads life-threatening issues.
According to the observations, 28 percent of people who died suddenly, they have diagnosed with arthrosclerosis-related coronary artery disease.
- Aortic dissection:
Aortic dissection happens when your heart wall of aorta tear because of some issues. This is the main artery in your body. It causes aortic dissection (AD). This issue causes when your blood pressure get increases and extra stress on the heart muscle.
Older studies elaborated that cocaine use was a factor in up to 9.8 percent of AD cases. An AD problem can be very painful and can lead life-threatening. If you suffer this then immediate medical treatment will require for it.
- Inflammation of the heart muscles:
Cocaine can also cause inflammation of heart muscles. If these are not treated on time, so they can cause serious muscle hardening problems. Inflammation can happen inside the layers of heart’s muscles. It makes your heart harden to pump blood efficiently. If your heart is not able to pump blood efficiently so it can lead serious complications. It can also lead heart failure and life-threatening issues.
- Heart rhythm disturbance:
Cocaine also makes interruption in heart beat. You may feel that you are missing a beat, which causes arrhythmias. Irregular heartbeat happens as your heart’s electrical system gets disturb. Disturbance in electrical system makes harden heart to pump blood.
- Cocaine-induced heart attacks:
Heart attacks can cause in the disturbance in circulatory system. The excessive amount of cocaine shows variety of effects on the heart and blood vessels. It increases the risks of heart attacks. The main problems which leads heart attack are increased blood pressure, stiff arteries and thickened heart muscle walls.
According to 2012 study, the users of cocaine have showed significant impairment for heat’s health. They also estimated that non-cocaine users about 30-35 percent got heart attack due to aortic stiffening and high blood pressure.
According to 2014 study, the regular use of cocaine increased the risk of premature death.
A 2018 study, found that 4.7 percent of adults under age 50 had used cocaine at the time when they get first time heart attack.
Cocaine-induced heart attacks risks increase with the use of cocaine, but if you are using first time it you may also experience with any heart attack.
Symptoms of cocaine-related heart problem:
Cocaine can cause immediate heart problem symptoms. These may include increase in heart rate, sweating, chest pain and palpitation. However, most severe damage to the heart can be occurring silently. A 2011 study, detected that medical tests of cocaine users didn’t show damages in blood vessels and heart.
Cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) is a test that can detect the damages clearly. By performing this test, it shows the excess fluid on heart, muscle stiffening thickening and change the motion of heart’s walls. Most of the time traditional exams don’t able to show these symptoms.
Electrocardiogram (ECG) is another way to detect the silent damages in the hearts of people who used cocaine. In ECG, we know the average resting heart rate of people who’ve used cocaine compare to those who’ve not used the drug.
Treatments for cocaine users are same as for those who’ve not used cocaine. For cardiovascular issues the available treatments are also same but they can cause complications in cardiovascular therapies.
Such as, the users of cocaine cannot take beta blockers. Medication treatments should be start after complete diagnose. This type of medication works to lower blood pressure, as it blocks the effects of the hormone adrenaline. If the blocking of adrenaline happens, so it will make the heart less efficient to pump blood.
If a person has severe heart issues, so doctor may be reluctant to use a stent in heart. If you already have heart attack, so it will increase the risks for blood clotting. In this situation, doctor may become unable to use clot-busting medication for it. Your doctor will guide you better about it.
Cocaine damages your heart and your other body systems. It may include other causes. For example
- You may have coughing and asthma problems.
- The more dangerous effect can be happen in your nose, as it can damage the lining of nose and you loss of smell.
- You may get unwanted weight loss.
- It also damage your gastrointestinal system because of reduce blood flow.
- It also causes higher risks for contracting infections such as hepatitis C and HIV.
In 2016, the manufacturing of cocaine reached its highest level across the world.