Acid reflux and GERD (Gastro esophageal reflux disease):
Your gastrointestinal tract is a basic system that involves in the digestion of food. When you eat anything it passes from your mouth to esophagus which further goes in stomach for next process. If your content that passes to stomach move up back to your esophagus it shows acid reflux. In other words it’s called acid regurgitation or gastro esophageal reflux. If you have same acid reflux symptoms more than one or twice in a week, it will indicate a disease which known as gastro esophageal reflux disease (GERD).
According to the estimation of National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (NIDDK), about 20 percent people in the United States have this disease. Some of the treatments are also available but if it untreated, so many of the complications can happen.
Symptoms of GERD:
Gastro esophageal reflux disease has a common symptom which causes uncomfortable feeling. It feels like burning in your chest that radiate up till your neck. Sometimes we also say this as heartburn.
If a person has this problem, the taste of mouth gets change such as sour or bitter taste. It also cause regurgitate ate food or drink from your stomach to your mouth. Sometimes GERD causes difficulty in swallowing food and also lead serious breathing problems as chronic cough or asthma.
What are the causes of GERD?
At the end of esophagus, there is a circular band of muscles known as lower esophageal sphincter (LES). When this band works properly, it relaxes and opens when you swallow. Again afterward it tightens and closes. The basic role of lower esophageal sphincter (LES) is opening and closing. Acid reflux happens when LEH does not tighten or close properly and causes the backward movement of eaten food. When it does not close, it allows digestive juices and food contents rise up into your esophagus from your stomach.
Treatments for GERD:
Treatments are also available for this disease. If you have symptoms of it so you should get treated. Your doctor will encourage you and help you to change your eating habits. Doctor will firstly recommend you to change your behaviors then doctor may also say you about over-the-count medication treatment. The OCT medications may be following
- H2 receptor blockers
- Proton pump inhibitors (PPIs)
Sometimes for some cases, doctor prescribes stronger H2 receptor blockers or PPIs. Some people who do not get treated before severe condition, they may have surgery. If treatments also do not respond for this disease, doctor also recommend surgery them. Acid reflux and GERD Before getting any treatment diagnose available here. Sometimes OCT and prescription medications can also cause some side effects.
GERD in infants:
It is noticed that two-third of 4 month old babies have GERD symptoms. It is also observed that up to 10 percent of 1 year old babies are affected with this disease. Babies also show the symptoms of split up food or vomit normally. If your baby is having these symptoms more frequently so it indicated GERD. There are some of other signs and symptoms of GERD observed in infants. Such as
- Gagging or choking
- Wet burps or hiccups
- Trouble swallowing
- Refusal to eat
- Irritability during or after feeding
- Weight loss or poor growth
- Arching of their back during or after feeding
- Difficulty sleeping
- Recurring cough or pneumonia
These are some of symptoms that make hard for babies to eat anything. If you are feeling GERD or health problems in your babies so make an immediate appointment.
How can it diagnose:
When you visit a doctor, doctor will ask you about your lifestyle or eating habits. Doctor will also examine you physically and ask you about symptoms that you are experiencing. There are some of the diagnose methods to confirm GERD and check that how much severe is it. The diagnosing methods are some of these.
- Barium swallows:
In this method patient can given by a barium solution to drink. After drinking it doctor will see the X-ray image to examine your upper digestive tract.
- Upper endoscopy:
In this method, a flexible tube entered inside your mouth with a tiny camera that help to examine your esophagus and to collect sample of tissues (biopsy) if is it required.
- Esophageal manometry:
In this a flexible tube with a tiny camera is threaded inside your esophagus. This help to measure the strength of esophageal muscles.
- Esophageal pH monitoring:
It is used when acid enters in esophagus. In it a monitor is inserted into your mouth to examine esophagus.
Risk factors for GERD:
GERD can be increase because of many factors. Your lifestyle highly affects your health. There are some of the risking factors that cause it.
- If a person is with obesity, so GERD is common such type of people.
- During pregnancy women also suffer with this disease.
- Hiatal hernia and connective tissue disorders can also cause GERD.
- If a person is foodie and eating large meals so those people definitely have this disease.
- Types of food such s deep fried food or spicy food also lead this disease.
- If you have a sleeping or lying down habit after meals it will give you GERD.
- By drinking different types of beverages such as soda, coffee or alcohol make GERD.
- The other types of drugs such as non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDS) such as aspirin or ibuprofen also cause it.
Diet and GERD:
There are some triggers that commonly cause GERD. The triggers may in the form of food or beverages. Such as
- There are some vegetables such as tomato, onion, garlic and mint that lead GERD easily.
- Chocolate is also a cause of it.
- Pineapple and citrus fruit are fruits that cause the symptoms of gastro esophageal reflux disease.
- Spicy food and high fat foods have highly symptoms of this disease.
- Alcohol, coffee, soda and tea also make uncomfortable GERD problem.